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what is Vulnerability


The characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard. there are many aspects of vulnerability, arising from various physical, social, economic, and environmental factors. Examples may include Poor design and construction of buildings, inadequate protection of and disregard for wise environmental management. Vulnerability varies significantly within a community and Over time .This definition identifies vulnerability as a characteristic of the element of interest (community, system or asset)which is independent of its exposure. However, in common use the word is often used more broadly to include the element's exposure.


40 million hectares are prone to flood  8 million hectares afrected by flood every year Brahmaputra and Gangetic Basins are most flood prone areas

North-west region of west flowing rivers-Krishna, Cavery and Mahanadi-are other flood prone areas




· India has 7,516kms long coastline, of which 5,700 kms are prone to cyclones

~8% of the country's area and one- third of its population live in 13 coastal states and UTs, encompassing 84 coastal districts, are vulnerable to cyclones.

Tamil Nadu, Andhra Prades Orissa, West Bengal and Pondicherry on east coast and Gujarat on the west coast are more prone to cyclones

· Cyclones occur in the months of May -June and October-November with their primary peaks in November and secondary peaks in May.


 68% of the net area sown in the country is prone to drought

Out of this 33%&chronically drought prone, receiving rainfalll less than 75Omm per annum

35% drought Prone that receive rainfall between 750-1125 mm per annum.



About 25% of the total geographical area of India is prone to landslides.

Entire Himalayas, North eastern  region, western Ghats

are perennially affected by landslides. 

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